How to install GNOME Desktop on your Webdock Ubuntu Server

Last updated: September 8th 2021

Introduction

This guide explains the step by step procedure of installing the GNOME desktop environment on the Webdock server. GNOME desktop environment is the default desktop environment for most of the linux distributions.

Prerequisites

Installing GNOME desktop environment

First update the packages and repositories on your Webdock server.

# sudo apt update -y

Install the GNOME shell on your Webdock server.

# sudo apt install gnome-shell -y

Install the GNOME desktop environment.

# sudo apt install ubuntu-gnome-desktop -y

Installing XRDP server

Now install the xrdp server to listen for an RDP connection on your server.

# sudo apt install xrdp -y

Start and enable the xrdp service.

# sudo systemctl enable xrdp.service
# sudo systemctl start xrdp.service

NOTE: XRDP server runs on port 3389 so in case of Webdock perfect server stack, you need to allow traffic from port 3389 to connect to your Desktop Environment.

# sudo ufw allow 3389

Connect to the server over RDP

In order to connect to the Webdock server, first create a shell user from the Webdock dashboard. Click on ‘more’ option from the top right corner.

connect-1.png

Select the ‘Shell Users’.

connect-2.png

Enter the username and password for the new shell user and click on Add User’.

connect-3.png

Use this shell username and password to connect to the Webdock server over RDP.

To learn more about connecting to the Webdock server over RDP from Windows, Linux or Mac, visit this guide.

Test GNOME desktop environment

Connect using an RDP client to your Webdock server, you should see a login prompt on screen. Once connected to the Webdock server over RDP,  you can open the Terminal on the Webdock server and check the current desktop session using the following command.

# env | grep CURRENT_DESKTOP
XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP=GNOME

Conclusion

The article summarizes the installation of GNOME, the default desktop environment for most Linux distributions as it is intuitive, efficient, simple and easy to use. Visit the GNOME official site to learn more about GNOME’s technologies.

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